The Pillars of Smart Bipartisan Corporate Tax Reform
by DAVID WILLIAMS
Jun 16, 2013 | 965 views | 1 1 comments | 31 31 recommendations | email to a friend | print




Sen. Max Baucus (D-Mont.) just announced plans to retire next year. The 71-year-old Montana Democrat has spent the twilight of his career working to fix America's broken tax code, and all signs indicate that he wants to make tax reform his legacy.



In terms of both politics and policy, he'd do well to focus on America's corporate tax system. Its flaws are seriously impeding business growth and choking off job creation.



That last major overhaul of corporate taxes occurred in the mid-1980s and the time is now for the corporate code -- a rickety, antiquated mess -- to catch up with the changing global economy. Currently, the inflated and overly complex corporate tax code is shunning capital away from our shores, an effect that can only grow more pronounced as other countries become more competitive by lowering their tax rates.



There are three simple provisions any comprehensive bill must include. Each will stimulate business growth at home and help American businesses compete abroad.



The first is to lower the corporate tax rate. Every major political figure -- from President Obama to House Speaker Boehner -- has expressed support for such a move. At 39.1 percent, the American corporate tax rate is the highest in the Western world. It's a full 14 points above the average rate among Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries.



The American corporate rate hasn't been reduced since 1988 - in fact, it has increased twice. Meanwhile, 32 other OECD nations have cut corporate taxes by an average of 19 percentage points since then. The consequences of this disjunction have been devastating. Companies are doing business elsewhere, denying Americans new jobs and growth.



Lowering the corporate rate to fall in line with general OECD trends would stimulate business growth here. Research from Cornell and the University of London shows that just a one-percentage-point cut in U.S. corporate taxes could generate a 0.4 to 0.6 percent increase in GDP within a year. That would contribute to rising income for America's workers. That would also mean more capital for companies to expand and hire more people.



The second essential component of real corporate tax reform is simplification. The U.S. tax code now runs an astonishing 70,000 pages. It's been modified over 4,500 times in the past decade, with lawmakers routinely adding new wrinkles to benefit special interests. The result is a massively complex code that's expensive for businesses to navigate.



Money spent on accountants and tax lawyers is money that's not financing new plants and projects. Streamlining the corporate code would radically reduce the financial burden of compliance and free up capital for productive investment. And it would eliminate the countless tax carve-outs now granted to the politically connected



Finally, comprehensive corporate tax reform must bring an end to the antiquated and deeply destructive practice of double taxing profits earned by American companies in foreign markets.



The United States is alone among G-8 countries in seeking to tax the foreign earnings of its companies. Such businesses end up getting taxed twice -- once at the foreign rate, then again when earnings come back to the States.



Companies have responded to America's uniquely oppressive system in a perfectly predictable fashion -- they're keeping their money abroad. According to a report from J.P. Morgan, American companies are currently holding $1.7 trillion in foreign earnings outside the United States. Ending double taxation would stimulate the repatriation of that capital and fuel additional growth in the domestic economy.



Sen. Baucus has a real opportunity to leave a lasting legacy: a serious overhaul of the American corporate tax code. There is political will for such a move. And smart reform would lead to lasting improvements for our economy.



David Williams is president of the Taxpayers Protection Alliance, a nonprofit, nonpartisan organization dedicated to educating the public on the government's effects on the economy.
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Eugene Patrick Devan
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June 18, 2013
The C corporation rate is high because of two factors: the business tax expenditures (credits, deductions, special rates, deferrals and exemptions) are funded by high rates and the absence of a value added tax (VAT). The range of solutions is complicated by the fact that most businesses are no longer taxed as C corporations and are considered as pass-through entities taxed on the individual returns of the owners. Tax reform requires a balance of provisions that treat all types of business fairly.

A value added tax (VAT) of about 4% could replace the business portion of the payroll tax. The U.S. is the only developed country in the world that does not use a VAT even though it is the fairest way to apportion tax liability among different types of businesses and across different taxing jurisdictions. A "revenue neutral" VAT replacement of the payroll tax promotes full employment without increasing consumer prices.

The revenue neutral elimination of business tax expenditures could certainly lower the C corporation tax to 25% but it would be fair only if matching tax expenditures were eliminated for pass-through businesses.

The worst reform would be to simply lower the corporate tax rate to increase profits without encouraging job creation.