or Carnival, is a celebration prior to the fasting season of Lent.
From what I’ve seen on television about the celebrations in New Orleans and elsewhere in the USA, my curiosity impelled me to find out more about the history of Mardi Gras.
I learned that this Christian cultural event inspires parades, parties and other wild celebrations that may make Lent a welcome opportunity for the celebrants to recover.
The date, which is the day before Ash Wednesday, 47 days before Easter, will, of course, vary from year to year. This year’s date is March 4 and the 2015 date is February 17.
CARNIVAL begins on or after the Epiphany or Kings day and culminates on the day before Ash Wednesday. Mardi Gras is French for Fat Tuesday, referring to the practice of the last night of eating richer, fatty foods before the ritual fasting of the Lenten season, which begins on Ash Wednesday.
The day is sometimes referred to as Shrove Tuesday, from the word shrive, meaning “confess.”” Related popular practices are associated with celebrations before the fasting and religious obligations associated with the penitential season of Lent.
These practices include wearing masks and costumes, overturning social conventions, dancing, sports competitions, parades, etc. Similar expressions to Mardi Gras appear in other European languages sharing the Christian tradition, as it is associated with the religious requirement for confession before Lent begins.
IN MANY AREAS, the term “Mardi Gras” has come to mean the whole period of activity related to the celebratory events, beyond just the single day. In some US cities, it is now called “Mardi Gras Day” or “Fat Tuesday”.
The festival season varies from city to city, as some traditions consider Mardi Gras the entire period between Epiphany or Twelfth Night and Ash Wednesday.
Others treat the final three-day period before Ash Wednesday as the Mardi Gras.
In Mobile, Alabama, Mardi Gras-associated social events begin in November, followed by mystic society balls on Thanksgiving, then New Year’s Eve, followed by parades and balls in January and February, celebrating up to midnight before Ash Wednesday.
In earlier times parades were held on New Year’s Day.
OTHER CITIES famous for Mardi Gras celebrations include Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Barranquilla, Colombia; Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago; Quebec City, Canada; Mazatlán, Sinaloa, Mexico; and New Orleans, Louisiana, United States.
Carnival is an important celebration in Anglican and Catholic European nations.
In the United Kingdom and Ireland, the week before Ash Wednesday is called “shrovetide”, ending on Shrove Tuesday. It has its popular celebratory aspects as well. Pancakes are a traditional food.
Pancakes and related fried breads or pastries made with sugar, fat and eggs are also traditionally consumed at this time in many parts of Latin America and the Caribbean.