House Ways & Means Committee hears presentation on Capital Appreciation Bonds
Apr 19, 2013 | 1210 views | 0 0 comments | 2 2 recommendations | email to a friend | print


AUSTIN - The House Ways & Means Committee heard House Bill 3416, addressing Capital Appreciation Bonds

(CAB), presented by State Representative Dan Flynn (R-Van) Thursday evening. Representative Flynn did

present a Committee Substitute (CS) for the bill. The bill addresses the growing concern over the reliance and

utilization of CABS by municipalities and school districts in Texas. CABS do not require payment on interest

until the bond matures. The bonds appreciate in value as the interest accumulates until repayment is made

resulting, in many cases, a type of balloon payment at the end of the term.

It is called a Capital Appreciation Bond or CAB because the bond does not pay interest until maturity – it

“appreciates” in value as the interest accumulates until the bond is repaid. Their use helped create the

financial problems for California. CABS have come under increased scrutiny when the deferral of bond

payments to fund certain facilities increases the ultimate cost of the bond, sometimes 10 times the original

amount, through long maturities and refinancing, ultimately impacting the tax burden of future generations.

It is reported over 1000 Texas municipalities and school districts have CABs within their debt portfolios. Of the

1,025 school districts within the State of Texas, 471 currently have CABs within their debt portfolios. The top

10 ISD's with CABS make up nearly 45% of the maturity value of all CABS acquired by Texas schools. Texas

schools and public agencies issued more than 700 deferred interest bonds from 2007-2011. With no

immediate payments required, the securities enable schools and municipalities to avoid exceeding limits on

debt-service payments.

Committee Member Representative Mark Strama (D-Austin) recognized there were a few extreme examples

of CAB mismanagement and agreed with Representative Flynn that HB3416 and the demand to address these

imprudent financial practices is not an attempt to "single out any one school district" but rather better

understand how it is that some ISD's with fast growth districts can properly manage their CABS and others,

with equal growth, have acquired a seemingly insurmountable debt.

The issuance of CABS for school districts is a solution to cope with the ".50 debt test", a limitation of a schools

districts maximum Interest & Sinking Fun ("I&S") tax rate. Opponents of this test argue that it does not allow

districts to cope with the fast growth of their community. Prior to the test, the debt limit for schools was 10%

of taxable assessed valuation. In its current form, the test equates to a debt limit of approximately 7%. Before

a vote to sell voter approved bonds, the 50 cent test requires a school district to gain approval from the

Attorney General, demonstrating new and existing bonds can be repaid from a maximum I&S tax rate of 50

cents or less.

"Many of these CABS appear to be used to avoid the 50 cent debt test and in some cases, to provide cash flow

for the ISD's," said Representative Flynn, "We need to stop these types of actions while allowing reasonable

and prudent use of these products."

"I was disappointed by the number of hostile witnesses, including bond salesmen, testifying in support of large

debts of over 2 billion for some ISD's," Representative Flynn stated after the hearing. "You have to wonder

what voters would say once the transparency portions of this bill are implemented and voters are notified of

this massive debt placed upon them, their children, grandchildren, and future grandchildren."

A widely unknown fact is that school district bonds are guaranteed by the Permanent School Fund Bond

Guarantee Program, and as of August 31, 2012 the total principal of outstanding bond issues guaranteed

exceeded 53 billion. "That is principal only," Representative Flynn stated. "When you look at principal and

interest to maturity, it adds almost 40 billion dollars to the cost, you are looking at massive numbers that are

not transparent to us, our constituents, and perhaps even the governing bodies that approve their issue."

CABS can be a valuable debt-management tool for school districts to lower the tax impact of bond programs

and manage bond payments. "My concern is not to do away with Capital Appreciation Bonds," Flynn

reemphasized after the hearing, "But there is a need for transparency among ISD's and municipalities and

their voters. With multiple school districts exceeding a 2 billion dollar CAB debt, there is a clear realization that

the voters and taxpayers are not fully aware of the long-term implications of approving a proposed school

bond. In some cases, bond maturity is delayed up to 40 years." HB3416 facilitates a safer avenue for CAB use

and protection from excessive abuse.

The Senate version of HB3416, by Senator Juan "Chuy" Hinojosa (D- McAllen), was recently passed out of the


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